Saturday January 19th 2019

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Consider Signs of Dyslexia If a Child Is Struggling To Read

Parker-books

A first clue might be when you listen to your child, who is learning to read, and there is some struggling over simple words that you’ve noticed over a period of time. They seem to be sounding out some big words and you’re sure they are making progress, but you still have that little niggling at the back of your brain because they don’t seem to remember many of the little simple words they have read many times before.

And, of course, many of us only know Dyslexia as seeing words in reverse, but there is so much more as I have recently learned.  Any parent that has a child who is struggling to read, no matter how well you think they are progressing, needs to read this information about the signs and symptoms of dyslexia. Millions of children and adults have some degree of dyslexia, which affects their ability to read, spell and perform math problems. It is a visual communication problem and there are special education teachers and programs that can assist anyone with this.  The first thing to do, however, is to get your child evaluated through their school, which will involve both their classroom teacher and the principal. This can affect your child’s self-esteem, frustration with school and behavior.  Do not delay getting help if you recognize your child in the signs below.  Note that we are speaking, specifically, of school-age children here.  There are many pre-school and kindergarten children that get letters confused.

We will list some Resource sites at the end of this article that go into detail about other signs, but here are some basic signs.  If any of these sound familiar, we urge you to check out the sites below and to follow up for your child’s benefit.

Reading:

  • Can read a word on one page, but won’t recognize it on the next page.
  • Knows phonics, but can’t (or won’t) sound out an unknown word.
  • Slow, labored, inaccurate reading of single words in isolation (when no story line or pictures to provide clues)
      When they misread, they often say a word that has the same first and last letters, such as form-from or trial-trail.

      They may insert or leave out letters, such as could-cold or star-stair.

      They may say a word that has the same letters, but in a different sequence, such as who-how, lots-lost, saw-was, or girl-grill.

  • When reading aloud, reads in a slow, choppy cadence, and often ignores punctuation
  • Becomes visibly tired after reading for only a short time
  • Reading comprehension may be low due to spending so much energy trying to figure out the words. Listening comprehension is usually significantly higher.
  • Directionality confusion shows up when reading and when writing
      b-d confusion is a classic warning sign. One points to the left, the other points to the right, and they are left-right confused.

      b-p, n-u, or m-w confusion. One points up, the other points down. That’s also directionality confusion.

  • Substitutes similar-looking words, even if it changes the meaning of the sentence, such as sunrise for surprise, house for horse, while for white, wanting for walking
  • When reading a story or a sentence, substitutes a word that means the same thing but doesn’t look at all similar, such as trip for journey, fast for speed, or cry for weep
  • Misreads, omits, or even adds small function words, such as an, a, from, the, to, were, are, of
  • Omits or changes suffixes, saying need for needed, talks for talking, or late for lately.

Children with Dyslexia also usually have problems with spelling and math but if the Reading can be addressed first to see if there is actually any problem, these can also be addressed.

Resources:

Audioblox Further expalnation of Symptoms

Bright Solutions for Dyslexia Overview of Dyslexia

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